A workplace that values diversity of thought is one that makes it possible for people with a variety of ways of thinking to contribute to projects together. That includes people who are analytical as well as imaginative, and organized as well as highly creative—“cognitive diversity.”
It might not strike you to pair two employees with highly different habits or cultural backgrounds, and it may take them a little longer to work through those differences and produce results. However, leaders are increasingly agreeing that a diverse workforce yields more innovation and is all-around higher performing than a homogenous one is.
In fact, when employees are not afraid of expressing their ideas, leaders will have a much wider variety of inputs leading to increased awareness of the changing market demands and of the different customers' needs. This is what Thought Diversity is all about: a company culture might encourage people to think a certain way, but the real world is enormously diverse. What seems like an obvious need for one person might be entirely irrelevant to another.